Ground Mantis

Ground Mantis - (G. Simkins)
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Scientific Name Eremiaphila braueri krauss Arabic Name N/A Tagged As Insect, Dictyoptera, Mantis Endangered Status
 

Description

Easily recognisable with light brown body and short wing lids and striped legs. Antennae are slightly longer than head. Have the typical 'praying-like' pose. Abdomen is short and much thicker than others in the Mantidae family.

Range and Habitats

Praying Mantises are exclusively predatory and their diet usually consists of living insects. Most species are known to engage in cannibalism. Mantises are ambush predators, waiting for prey to stray too near. Ground species, however, pursue their prey rather quickly. Prey items are caught and held securely with grasping, spiked forelegs ('raptorial legs'); the first thoracic segment, the prothorax, is commonly elongated and flexibly articulated, allowing for greater range of movement of the front limbs while the remainder of the body remains more or less immobile.

The articulation of the head is also remarkably flexible, allowing their compound eyes to have a large binocular field of vision without having to move the remainder of the body.

As their hunting relies heavily on vision, they are primarily diurnal. Ground mantises mainly occur on stony gravel plains. Their general shape resembles that of a stone, so unless they move they can be hard to see.

Breeding

Display the same breeding habits as the larger praying mantis species. Sexual cannibalism may be observed in the field. The female may start feeding by biting off the male’s head (as with any prey), and if mating has begun, the male’s movements may become even more vigorous in its delivery of sperm, but not proven yet so the act of dismounting is one of the most dangerous times for males during copulation