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Scientific Name Gazella marica Arabic Name Al gazal al rheem Tagged As N/A Endangered Status
 

Description

Unlike most gazelles, females of this species are mostly, although not always, hornless, while males boast long, elegantly curved, lyre-like, black horns that diverge outwards and turn back in at the tip. Interestingly, horn development in females increases from Mongolia and China, where they are almost completely hornless, to the Arabian Peninsula, where they have well-developed horns.

They vary in colouration between populations, from nearly white to brown with different tones of grey, red or yellow. Generally, the very light brown colouration of the back darkens towards the flanks, where it meets the white under parts in a crisp line, and the black colouration of the first two thirds of the tail contrasts starkly against the white of the buttocks. Eyes are large and black, and the ears are long. Legs and neck are relatively long and the tail is quite short.

Males are larger and heavier than females, weighing up to 22kg.

Endangered Status

Vulnerable.

Range and Habitat

The species is now locally extinct in many regions, including Georgia, Iraq, Kuwait, Syria and Yemen, and near extinct in Jordan. A wide variety of desert and semi-arid habitats are occupied. They occur in flat and rolling areas, but prefer foothills with broken grounds, and mountain valley and plateaus, avoiding rocky cliffs, thick woody vegetation, and lands used for agriculture or intensive livestock grazing and areas devoid of gullies and ravines.

Breeding

Gestation period is 5-6 months with most births happening between March and May. It is the only antelope in this area that often give birth to twins. The young spend their first days in shallow scrapes or under bushes until they are strong enough to move with the adults.

Tracks & Signs

This gazelle leaves a track much like any other in the sand and the dung is also very similar too. While Tracks left on harder surfaces are slightly longer.