Broom Bush

Leptadenia pyrotechnica - (G. Simkins)
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Scientific Name Leptadenia pyrotechnica Arabic Name Markh Tagged As Plant, Shrub, Milkweed Endangered Status
 

Botanical description

Perennial leafless shrub up to 3m high, milky latex produced when stems or branches broken, branches are smooth, slender, and green.

 

Leaves

Appears only in early stage of growth and soon falling off.

 

Flowers

Small, yellow in colour, fragrant at dusk

 

Fruits

Are cylindrical and tapering to point, sometimes paired, with numerous flat brown seeds, attached to long white hairs.

  

Flowering

From November to June

 

Habitat

The species prefer the sandy plains and low dunes habitat.

 

Distribution

It is common and widespread through the northern emirates, and eastern parts of Abu Dhabi Emirate.

 

Globally

It is native to Senegal, Mauritania to north of Nigeria, and in the semi-desert areas across Africa to western India. (Egypt, Sudan, Somalia, Chad, Libya, Algeria, Pakistan and India)

 

Uses

The flower buds are edible. Many medicinal uses of the species are reported in traditional medicine, the branches of the plant are diuretic and the use of infusion of branches could help in the treatment of retention of urine. Also, the plant yields a fibre which used in indigenous medicine as an antihistaminic and expectorant. Further more, it is used for treatment of gout and rheumatism. Its fibreis tough and does not rot in water and is suitable to be spun into rope. Owing to its high cellulose content it has also been used in carpets since ancient times.